The type of anthocyanin present in the Queen Garnet plum has a very high bioavailability compared to other produce, meaning a higher proportion is absorbed into the bloodstream and imparts a greater effect on the body. In previous blogs you will have read about the beautiful blue, red, or purple colour that anthocyanins give particular fruits. But did you know that there are four ways these pigments can actually boost your health.
1. Lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease
Studies have shown that anthocyanins inhibit platelets in the blood from aggregating. If platelets aggregate excessively, the clots may cause poor circulation that could result in heart problems.
2. Encourages weight loss and suppresses weight gain
In a recent study, when rats were fed a diet high in carbohydrates and saturated fats, they became obese. However, subsequent feeding with an anthocyanin rich food while staying on this obesogenic diet for several weeks resulted in normalisation of blood pressure, blood lipid profile, and weight. It is highly important to have a healthy blood lipid profile to ensure you have the right lipids to transport bad cholesterol from the arteries and blood stream. Without this, you put yourself at risk of clogged arteries. Anthocyanins also activate a particular enzyme, AMPK, which increases your metabolism and therefore your ability to lose weight.
3. Reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes
When this AMPK enzyme is activated by anthocyanins, chronic inflammation in the body is decreased. Inflammation is linked to insulin resistance, meaning glucose is not properly taken up into the liver and remains in the blood. Raised blood glucose is a key risk factor for diabetes. Insulin levels also increase as a result of insulin resistance and, since this is a fat-producing hormone, often results in weight gain. So increasing anthocyanin intake decreases inflammation, improves insulin sensitivity, and decreases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and gaining weight!
4. Anti-cancer properties
Anthocyanins induce programmed cell death, known as apoptosis, which is essential for filtering out dysfunctional cells that could be cancerous. Their antioxidant property enables them to fight off free radicals that might otherwise damage your DNA and cause cancer.